from things such as air and train travel, blacklisted individuals are
being punished in a broad effort to boost "trustworthiness"
among the 1.4 billion Chinese citizens tracked by the massive system
- which assigns both positive and negative scores to various metrics,
with great social credit will get "green channel" benefits
while those who violate laws will be punished with restrictions
capital city of China’s Zhejiang province, rolled out its
social credit system earlier last year, rewarding
"pro-social behaviors" such as blood
donations, healthy lifestyles, and volunteer
work while punishing
those who violate traffic laws, smoke and drink, and speak
poorly about government.
rights advocates have voiced concerns that the social credit system
does not take into account individual circumstances, and has unfairly
labeled people and companies as untrustworthy.
3.59 million Chinese enterprises were added to the official
creditworthiness blacklist last year, banning them from a series of
activities, including bidding on projects, accessing security
markets, taking part in land auctions and issuing corporate bonds,
according to the 2018 annual report released by the National Public
Credit Information Centre. -SCMP
to the NPCIC report, Chinese officials collected 14.21
million pieces of information of
"untrustworthy conduct" by both business and individuals -
to repay loans, illegal fund collection, false and misleading
advertising, swindling customers, and
- for individuals, acts such as taking reserved seats on trains or
causing trouble in hospitals, SCMP reports.
around 17.46 million people who are "discredited" were
prevented from buying plane tickets, while 5.47 million were
disallowed from purchasing tickets to China's high-speed train
restrictions on buying tickets, local authorities also used novel
methods to put pressure on untrustworthy subjects, including
preventing people from buying premium insurance, wealth management
products or real estate, as well as shaming them by exposing their
information in public.
total of 3.51
million untrustworthy individuals and entities repaid their debts or
paid off taxes and fines last year due to pressure from the social
the report said. -SCMP
NIPC report also noted untrustworthiness issues on 1,282 peer-to-peer
(P2P) lending platforms, more than half of those located in Zehjiang,
Guangdong and Shanghai - which were placed
on the creditworthiness blacklist because
of illegal fundraising or the inability to repay investors.
care product maker Quanjian Group and vaccine maker Changsheng
Bio-Technology were added to the creditworthiness blacklist because
of their involvement in major health sector scandals.
was accused of making false marketing claims about the benefits of a
product that a four-year-old cancer patient drank, while Changsheng,
the major Chinese manufacturer of rabies vaccines, was fined US$1.3
billion in October after it was found to have fabricated
experts have expressed concern that the accelerated use of the
creditworthiness system trample on what little privacy rights they
have in China.
people cannot pay their debt because they are too poor but will be
subject to this kind of surveillance and this kind of public
shaming," said one attorney quoted by SCMP, who
added "It violates the rights of human beings."