a keynote speech before the most senior of French diplomats,
President Macron revealed his conception of the world and the way in
which he intends to use the tools at his disposal. According to him,
there will be no more popular sovereignty, neither in France, nor in
Europe, and therefore no more national or supra-national democracies.
Neither will there be any more collective interest, no more Republic,
but an ill-defined catalogue of things and ideas which compose the
common good. Describing their new programme of work to the
ambassadors, he informed them that they should no longer defend the
values of their country, but find opportunities to act in the name of
the European Leviathan. Entering into the details of certain
conflicts, he described a programme of economic colonisation of the
Levant and Africa.
in the traditional Ambassadors’ Week, President Macron gave his
first general speech on foreign policy since his arrival at the
Elysée Palace . In this article, all the quotations in
inverted commas are taken from his speech. The President did not give
an overall account of current international relations, nor did he
explain the role that he imagines for France in the world but the way
in which he intends to use the tool of diplomacy .
to him, France has not proved capable of adapting to the changes in
the world since 1989, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the dissolution of
the Soviet Union and the triumph of US globalisation. In order to
rebuild the country, it would be absurd to wish for a return to the
ancient concept of national sovereignty. On the contrary, it is
necessary to advance by seizing the available levers. This is why,
today, – «Our sovereignty is Europe».
course, the European Union is a monster, «a Leviathan» .
It has no popular legitimacy, but becomes legitimate when it protects
its citizens. In its current format, it is dominated by the
Franco-German couple. Therefore he, Emmanuel Macron, and
Chancellor Angela Merkel, govern it together. Thus, in his
quality as French President, he was able to travel to Poland and,
with the agreement of his German partner, who could not, in the light
of history, allow itself to attack Poland, speak there as the
implicit representative of the Union, insult the Polish Prime
Minister, remind him that Poland does not enjoy sovereignty, and pull
it back into the European rank and file.
with the Chancellor, he has decided to act in four sectors – 1.
the protection of workers ; 2. the reform of the right to
asylum and European cooperation in questions of migration; 3.
the definition of a commercial policy and means of control of
strategic investments ; 4. the development of European
objectives obviously determine the national policies of each of the
member states, including France. For example, the measures that
Macron’s government has just adopted concerning the reform of the
Labour Code, lay down minimal limits for the protection of workers,
in conformity with the directives which had already been laid down by
the civil servants in Brussels a good while ago. European cooperation
concerning migration will set the limits of hospitality which will
benefit German industry , while the reform of the right to
asylum will set the capacity of France’s welcome within the
Schengen area. European Defense will allow the unification of the
armies of the Union and their collective integration into the
ambitions of NATO.
order to push the European Union along as fast as possible, France
and Germany will organise strengthened cooperations on different
themes, choosing their partners on a case-by-case basis. The
principle of unanimous decision will be maintained, but only between
preselected states which are already in agreement.
cohesion of this structure will be maintained around four common
values – 1. «elective and representative democracy ;
the respect for the human person ; 3. religious tolerance
and the freedom of expression ; 4. and the belief in
and representative democracy» will only apply at the local level —
(communities of communes and administrative regions, since communes
and departments are programmed for elimination) – since there will
no longer be any national sovereignty.
respect for the human person, religious tolerance and the freedom of
expression» should be understood in the sense of the Convention for
the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and no
longer in the sense of the Declaration of 1789, which figures, after
all, as the introduction to the Constitution.
belief in progress» will enable the mobilisation of European
citizens in a period where everyone can see the richer countries of
the Greater Middle East suddenly wiped from the map and beaten back
to the Stone Age.
should use the European tool to adapt itself to a «multipolar and
unstable world», given that there is no question of re-establishing
the Franco-Russian alliance that President Sadi Carnot and Emperor
Alexander III concluded — and since the European Union is the
civilian wing of the Atlantic Military Alliance, it is pointless to
base French diplomacy on history or values.
is better, on the contrary, to play the role of «counterweight» in
order to maintain «the links with the great powers whose strategic
interests are diverging». Let’s be clear about this, the
President is not talking about diverging interests between the United
States on one hand Russia and China on the other, but about
maintaining the links that the two major powers should have with the
that, we must (…) become part of the tradition of existing
alliances and, opportunistically, forge these alliances of fortune
which will enable us to be more efficient». Therefore the role
of the diplomats is no longer to defend the long-term values of
France, but to sniff out the short-term opportunities, the promising
stability of the world»
established the framework of the European workplace and his method,
the function of French diplomacy will be to ensure the safety of the
French people by participating in «the stability of the world», and
to earn influence by defending «universal common treasure».
the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of national sovereignty,
France has no more conventional enemies, and so has no further need
of an army to defend its territory. However, it has to face a
non-conventional enemy, «Islamist terrorism», which requires both
an omnipresent police force and a mobile army capable of intervening
in the sources of terrorism abroad — Syria and Iraq on one hand,
Libya and the Sahel on the other. It is obviously this change of
objective, and not a question of budget, which led President Macron
to fire the Army chief of staff. The police reform is still to come.
will continue to protect its Muslim citizens while remaining aware of
the link between the Islamist political ideology and the Muslim
religion. In this way, it can continue to keep an eye on the
practice of the Muslim cult, supervise it, and de facto influence the
fight against terrorism also necessitates drying up its finances,
which France is pursuing via numerous international institutions ;
given that because of «regional crises and divisions, divisions in
Africa, and divisions in the Muslim world», certain states secretly
participate in this finance. However, first of all terrorism is
not a question of men but a method of combat, and secondly, terrorist
actions have been considerably better financed since the pretended
effort to stop terrorism — it is evident that this system has been
put into place by Washington, not against the Muslim Brotherhood but
against Iran. And though this has no apparent connection with
the financing of terrorism, President Macron brought up the question
of Saudi-Iranian antagonism, taking the part of Saudi Arabia and
the attacks by Daesh against «our interests, our lives, our people»,
peace in Iraq and Syria constitute «a vital priority for France».
This is the source of the change of method which has been on-going
since the month of May – of course, Paris «had been sidelined»
from the Astana negotiations, but it is today «instigating definite
progress of the situation» by talking, one by one, with the
participants in the Astana meetings. It has convinced them to adopt
the objective fixed long ago by President Obama — the outlawing of
chemical weapons and admission of humanitarian access to the combat
zones. Finally, France has created an «international contact
group» which will meet at the occasion of the UN General Assembly
around Jean-Yves Le Drian. The return of Syria to the rule of
Law «should be accompanied by legal retribution for the crimes
committed, notably by the rulers of that country».
Macron is therefore making a U-turn on his previous declarations.
There is no longer any question of accepting the Syrian Arab Republic
and supporting it against Daesh, as he had stated in an interview
with the Journal
but on the contrary, to pursue the old double game of using the
humanitarian pretext to continue supplying the jihadists with weapons
to use against Damascus. The announcement of judgment for the
Syrian leaders means the defeat of the Syrian Arab Republic, since
never before, absolutely never, has a state brought victorious
generals to trial for war crimes. President Macron does not
specify which court will be called to judge the rulers, but his
language recalls the plan by the Director of Political Affairs for
the UN, Jeffrey Feltman, who had already planned in 2012 (that is
before generalised war) for the «condemnation» of 120 leaders — a
plan which had been drawn up under the direction of one of Madame
Merkel’s civil servants, Volker Perthes .
Libya and the Sahel, President Macron reminded his audience of his
initiative at La-Celle-Saint-Cloud, during which he brought together
«Libyan Prime Minister» Fayez Sarraj and the «head of the Libyan
National Army» Khalifa Haftar — a summit at which he had assured
the two men of the support of the European Union on the condition
that they write off the mysterious disappearance of 100 billion
dollars from the Libyan National Treasury .
first consequence of the overthrow of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was
the destabilisation of Mali, a country whose economy was very largely
supported by Libya . Mali split into two parts – on
one side the sedentary Bantus, on the other the nomadic Tuaregs.
French military intervention took note of these facts and prevented
their immediate consequences for the civilians. The G5-Sahel
was created by France in order to stop the consequences of the war
against Libya and to prevent the confrontation between blacks and
Arabs, which only Mouamar Gaddafi had been able to contain. As
for the Alliance for the Development of the Sahel, it is aimed at
replacing – with far fewer resources – the programme of aid for
development that Libya had spearheaded in the region. All these
measures will ensure the stability of this part of Africa until, in
about ten year’s time, the Pentagon implements its plan for the
extension of chaos to the black continent .
Macron mentioned the common declaration which he has just had adopted
with his African and European partners which sets up European
immigration offices on the African continent. Their purpose is
to make a primary selection of the immigrants who will be accepted by
the Union, and put an end to the different routes of exile. «The
roads of necessity must become the paths of liberty» – a
formula which resumes the Presidential point of view – Africa is
necessity, Europe is freedom.
Emmanuel Macron, «re-establishing security» in Africa means
reliance on the three D’s – «Defense, Development and
Diplomacy», in other words the presence of the French army, French
investments and French administration – the
classic programme of economic colonisation.
defense of common treasure
from neglecting the advantages of the French language and tourism,
President Macron spoke of them at length. On this subject, he
launched the idea of profiting from the French legal system in order
to expand the country’s influence. So doing, he is using the
so-called «Korbel doctrine», according to which, the way in which a
treaty is drawn up extends the influence of the country which
conceives the concepts – a doctrine used by his daughter,
Madeleine Albright, and then by his adopted daughter, Condoleezza
Rice, in order to transcribe international treaties in the language
of Anglo-Saxon law.
first common treasure is the planet.
speech was delivered during «Ambassadors’ Week», during which the
minister came to explain to his staff that as from now, the primary
function of his administration was economic diplomacy. When he
was minister for Foreign Affairs, Laurent Fabius had the idea of
mobilising the French diplomatic network in order to develop
exports. To this end, he created Business France, a public
establishment headed, at Fabius’ initiative, by Muriel
used public money which had been entrusted to her in order to launch
Emmanuel Macron’s electoral campaign overseas, which is causing her
some current trouble with the law. She
is today the Minister for Labour, and drew up the measures intended
for the «protection of workers». As for Laurent Fabius, he
has become the President of the Constitutional Council. As such
– and in violation of the role allotted to him by the Constitution
– he has drawn up a Pact for the Environment which President Macron
will present to the United Nations.
second common treasure is peace.
«European Defence», President Macron intends to «give new energy»
to NATO. The objective of the Alliance is clearly the promotion of
«peace», as we can see in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria and
third common treasure is the law and human rights.
Macron, who had previously mentioned the common values of the
European Union , which are «respect for the human person, religious
tolerance and freedom of expression», now declares that «the place
of women, freedom of the press, the respect for civil and political
rights» are universal values.
Unfortunately, he did not
specify the distinction that he operates between those which are
European and those which are universal. Although he developed a
taste for philosophy after he met Paul Ricoeur, he does not seem to
have thought much about political philosophy, and in his speeches, he
confuses humanitarian law with human rights, and also, while we’re
on the subject, their Anglo-Saxon meaning (protection of the
individual faced with state abuse) and their French meaning
(responsibilities of individuals, citizens and the nation).
fourth common treasure is culture.
Macron declared during his electoral campaign that there is no French
culture, but there is culture in France. In the same way, he
does not consider that culture in general is a development of the
mind, but a collection of marketable goods. That is why he will
continue the work of his predecessor for the protection of cultural
treasures, rather than people, in the theatres of war.
would need a lot of time to assimilate all the lessons of President
Macron’s vision of the world.
most important fact remains that, according to him, the
days of popular sovereignty are over,
for the French as well as for Europeans in general. The
democratic ideal may well continue at the local level, but is devoid
of meaning at the national level.
his conception of the Public Good (res publica), to which all
political regimes – whether monarchic, imperial or republican –
have been attached, also seems to be of another age. In their
view, they intended to serve – or pretend to serve – the
collective interest. Of course, Emmanuel Macron mentioned the
law and rights, but immediately relegated these noble ideals to the
same level as objects, like the Earth and marketable cultural
products – and a dishonour, the slavery to NATO. It
would therefore seem that the Republic is also dead.
the end of his speech, the audience applauded him warmly. And
neither the national press, nor the leaders of the opposition,
expressed any objection.