Friday, 1 July 2016

Italy is the weak point of the EU

Italy Granted "Extraordinary 

" €150BN Bank Bailout 

Program To Prevent "Panic, 

Run On Deposits"

30 June, 2016

As we noted today, the rumors of an Italian bank bailout, which started on Monday morning, and were promptly shot down by Merkel the next day, got louder after a Reuters report that the Italian government is considering more creative ways to inject liquidity into Italy's banks. However that was just an appetizer to a main course, which came later today when as theWSJ reported citing a spokeswoman for the European Union’s executive arm that the 

"European Commission has authorized Italy to use government guarantees to create a precautionary liquidity support program for their banks."  

How did this happen so quietly under the table and without Merkel's blessing? WSJ says that the program was approved under the bloc’s “extraordinary crisis rules for state aid."

And here we thought that Italy's banks are actually doing so very well.  Oh wait, no we didn't.

As the WSJ notes, the proposed "crisis" plan is the "other leg of an intervention plan considered by the government" namely, the direct capital injection into Italian banks that would add up to €40 billion in capital to the banking sector", the one we profiled previously. It is also the plan that Merkel supposedly shut down before it got off the ground. However, Europe had a Plan B up its sleeve.
What are the details of this latest "crisis" program?
According to an EU official, the liquidity support program includes up to €150 billion ($166 billion) in government guarantees. The WSJ adds that the commission spokeswoman declined to comment on the amount of guarantees that were authorized, but said that the budget requested by the Italian government had been found to be proportionate. The Italian economy ministry declined to comment.

An amusing sidebar: "only solvent banks would qualify for the liquidity support program, which has been authorized until the end of the year." The problem is that with €360 billion in NPLs, every bank in Italy is insolvent, which implicitly means that they will all be found to be solvent or otherwise nobody will benefit.
Confirming the severity of the Italian fiasco, is that the decision which was taken on Sunday, had not been previously disclosed until the WSJ reported on it and "appears to be a first indication of governments moving to shore up banks in the wake of market turbulence following the Brexit referendum in the U.K."

In other words, just as we said before, Brexit was nothing more than a Europe-blessed "crisis" ploy designed to achieve two things: unleash more QE, which the BOE admitted will happen (most likely with the involvement of the ECB), and ii) to facilitate the bailout of insolvent Italian banks. To wit:

Brexit will be just the scapegoat used by Renzi and Italy to circumvent any specific eurozone prohibitions. And if it fails, all Renzi has to do is hint at a referendum of his own. Then watch as Merkel scrambles to allow Italy to do whatever it wants, just to avoid the humiliation of a potential "Italeave."

And while Angela Merkel apparently shut down the original proposal pitched by Italy, Europe - surely under the guidance of Mario Draghi - has found a way to circumvent her veto power.
As this decision and other precedents demonstrate there are a number of solutions that can be put in place in full compliance with EU rules to address market turbulence,” the spokeswoman said.
To be sure, Italy's market has indeed been turbulent: Italian banks have lost more than half of their market capitalization since the beginning of the year, as investors fret about the lenders’ huge exposure to bad loans. That compares to an average decline of less than one third for European lenders. Some Italian banks have seen their shares drop by some 75%.
But what is most stunning is the WSJ's conclusion of what the plan is supposed to prevent - it is not to halt the stock price collapse, it is to prevent a bank run:

A person familiar with the Italian government plans said the cabinet of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi hoped to use a liquidity backstop to contain investor panicwhich could result in a run on deposits and affect banks’ liquidity.

Needless to say, for Italy's Prime Minister to be contemplating how to avoid "investor panic" and prevent a "run on deposits", then Italian banks must truly be on the verge of collapse.

Finally, for those curious about timing and how soon until it all unravels, we quote the European Commission spokesman who said that “there is no expectation that the need to use this scheme should arise.”

What this statement really means, and whether a preemptive plan to bailout Italy's insolvent banks will "boost confidence", we leave up to readers decide.

Chris Wood: "It Will Take A Political Genius To Hold The EU Together",Italy Is The Flash Point

30 June, 2016

CLSA's Chris Wood, author of the popular Greed and Fear newsletter, chimes in on the consequences for Brexit with a note titled "Disintegration Dynamic" in which he focuses not so much on Britain as Italy and specifically the proposed Italian bailout which was first reported here and which circumvents European bailout rules, however which Renzi hopes will pass as a result of scapegoating Brexit (even if Angela Merkel was quick to shut down).
This is what he says, excerpted: 

GREED & fear continues to believe that the real flash point in the EU is likely to be Italy. GREED & fear was reminded of this reading this week that Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi is now seeking Europe’s agreement for a €40bn state-funded recapitalisation of the country’s banking system. This would seem in conflict with the EU’s new rules that taxpayer money cannot be used for bank bailouts before bank shareholders and, critically, bank bondholders are first bailed in. The tricky point here is that 29% of Italian bank bonds were still owned by retail depositors as at the end of 2015 (see Figure 1).

This Italian issue was discussed in more detail here a few months ago (see GREED & fear - The Eurozone and newborn economics, 3 March 2016). Renzi is doubtless hoping that the market turmoil created by Brexit, or at least the sense of political crisis, creates the pressure for Berlin and Brussels to agree to a breaking of the new rules. But if Berlin does agree to such a concession it will strengthen the electoral appeal of eurosceptics within Germany, just as further debt relief for Greece would - and the eurosceptics, primarily in the form of the AfD in Germany, have enjoyed a surge of support ever since last summer’s refugee crisis. Indeed Renzi’s plan has reportedly already been rebuffed by Frau Merkel and ECB board member Benoit Coeure.

The conclusion from all of the above is that it will take a political genius to hold the EU together in the next few years. And geniuses are in short supply. In this sense Brexit will only have accelerated something that was going to happen anyway.

Meanwhile, from a market standpoint, to repeat the point made here already, Brexit will serve as an excuse by G7 policymakers to accelerate the next wave of easing which in GREED & fear’s view is likely to be some form of monetisation of fiscal stimulus. Logically, this should only happen after the November US presidential election. But if markets are bad enough it can happen before.

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