Wednesday, 12 July 2017

Stephen Cohen on the Trump-Putin meeting

Lessons learned of US-Russia summits past and present

Stephen F. Cohen @nyu @princeton

Lessons learned of US-Russia summits past and present.

Consequences of the failed summit[edit]

As a result of the spy plane incident and the attempted cover-up, the Four Power Paris Summit was not completed. At the beginning of the talks on 16 May, there was still hope that the two sides could come together even after the events that took place earlier in May, but Eisenhower refused to apologize and Khrushchev left the summit one day after it had begun. Some people[who?] said that Khrushchev had overreacted to the event in an attempt to strengthen his own position, and for that, he was the one to blame for the collapse of the Four Power Paris Summit.[22]

Before the U-2 incident Khrushchev and Eisenhower had been getting along well and the summit was going to be an opportunity for the two sides to come together. Also, Eisenhower had been looking forward to a visit to the Soviet Union and was very upset when his invitation was retracted. The two sides were going to discuss topics such as nuclear arms reduction and also how to deal with increasing tensions surrounding Berlin. According to Eisenhower, had it not been for the U-2 incident the summit and his visit to the Soviet Union could have greatly helped Soviet and American relations.[39]

The Soviet Union convened a meeting of the United Nations Security Council on 23 May to tell their side of the story.[40] The meetings continued for four days with other allegations of spying being exchanged, as well as recriminations over the Paris Summit, and a US offer of an "open skies" proposal to allow reciprocal flights over one another's territory,[41][42][43] at the end of which the Soviet Union overwhelmingly lost a vote[44] on a concise resolution which would have condemned the incursions and requested the US to prevent their recurrence.[45]

The incident severely compromised Pakistan's security and worsened relations between it and the United States. As an attempt to put up a bold front, General Khalid Mahmud Arif of the Pakistan Army, while commenting on the incident, stated that "Pakistan felt deceived because the US had kept her in the dark about such clandestine spy operations launched from Pakistan's territory."[46] The communications wing at Badaber was formally closed down on 7 January 1970.[47] Further, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a lengthy inquiry into the U-2 incident.[48]

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