Friday, 18 September 2015

Global warming - a warning from Bloomberg

Another warning, this time from Bloomberg. That’s about as mainstream as you can get

Scorching Year Continues With Hottest Summer on Record
Earth is warming so fast it's breaking our chart
Photographer: Jonathan Alcor

18 September, 2015

This is what global warming feels like.

Last month was the hottest August on record, topping out the hottest summer on record, according to data released Thursday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. It was the sixth month this year to set a new record: February, March, May, June, July, and August. This has been the hottest start to a year on record and the hottest 12 months on record. It follows the hottest calendar year (2014), and the hottest decade.

In 136 years of global temperature data, we are in uncharted territory. And this year's extremes are likely to continue as a strong El Niño weather pattern in the Pacific Ocean continues to rip more heat into the atmosphere. There's now a 97 percent chance that 2015 will set yet another record, according to NOAA.

The animation below shows the Earth's warming climate, recorded in monthly measurements from land and sea dating back to 1880. Temperatures are displayed in degrees above or below the 20th-century average. Thirteen of the 14 hottest years are in the 21st century, and 2015 is on track to raise the bar again. 

Results from the world's top monitoring agencies vary slightly. NOAA and the Japan Meteorological Agency both had August as the hottest month. NASA had it as one degree cooler than the previous record, set last year. All three agencies agree that 2015 is on track to be the hottest yet, by a long shot.

The heat last was experienced differently across the world, but few places escaped it altogether. The map below shows a few purple spots of cooler-than-average temperatures—notably the U.S. Midwest—and plenty of record-breaking red. The massive stretch of crimson in the Pacific Ocean is the footprint of El Niño.


In the U.S., there's a growing chance that above-normal temperatures will persist in Alaska and along the West Coast, as well as in the upper Midwest and Northeast, through February. That’s in line with what can happen during a strong El Nino.

Are the record temperatures due to climate change or due to El Nino? The answer is yes,” said Deke Arndt, chief of the NOAA's climate monitoring branch in Asheville, North Carolina. “Long-term climate change is like climbing a flight of stairs. El Nino is like standing on tippy toes while you are on one of those stairs.”

As part of Thursday’s report, the U.S. predicted that drought will persist across most of California, where wildfires continue to spread. Warmer temperatures in the mountains of California can affect snowpack there, and its unclear whether this year's snowpack will materialize. The state is now in its fourth year of drought, and snow is needed to provide the state with water throughout the year. Debilitating drought has also ravaged Brazil and Australia

In the Arctic, the sea ice dropped to the fourth-smallest for August since records began in 1979. The Antarctic, which had been seeing large sea-ice growth in its winter months in past years, also had a below-average total

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.