Sunday, 13 March 2016

Climate change in Vanuatu

Cyclone Pam and Vanuatu: One year on

Vanuatu is grappling with severe drought, one year on from the devastation of Cyclone Pam.

13 April, 2016
Looking back at RNZ International's coverage of Cyclone Pam
The category five cyclone pummelled the country in March last year, with winds gusting more than 320 km/h, destroying 90 percent of the country's food crops and leaving 75,000 people homeless.

Aid agency CARE Australia said decimation was the "only word for what happened in Vanuatu".

It said the country's crops had not recovered, and a drought driven by El Niño was now crippling the country.

"Here your food garden is your lifeline, so people in Vanuatu are now dealing with an overwhelming double crisis," CARE Vanuatu programme manager Charlie Damon said.
Meanwhile, UNICEF warned severe storms were becoming more frequent and more devastating.

It said the Pacific had always experienced natural disasters, but global warming and rising ocean temperatures were leading to more of them.

Damage by Cyclone Pam in remote parts of Vanuatu.Cyclone damage in remote parts of Vanuatu.Photo: RNZ / Shan O'Callaghan

After Cyclone Winston hit the Pacific in February, UNICEF Pacific representative Karen Allen said it was unprecedented to have two category five cyclones occurring in the past year - with only 11 category five cyclones recorded south of the equator in the last 45 years.

Dr Allen said the implications were immense and the way buildings were constructed needed to be re-evaluated.

"We need to consider everything, from the way we build homes, schools, health facilities and other critical infrastructure such as water and power supply, to the way that families prepare themselves, their crops and their livelihoods."
Family in Nikinini community (mother Josephine, and children Angelica (12), Jacquie (9), Jessica (1) and Bojel (8). They have lost everything beacuse of Super Cyclone Pam. The cyclone has affected 60,000 children
A family in the community of Nikinini - Josephine, with her children Angelica, 12, Jacquie, nine, Jessica, one, and Bojel, eight - lost everything in Cyclone Pam. Photo: SUPPLIED / Unicef

Pacific countries needed to plan and prepare for all eventualities, including the prospect of a direct hit by a category five cyclone, she said.

"People are trying to figure that out, trying to understand the enormity of the resources that will be required.

"It's clear that the traditional coping mechanisms, and the traditional places that people ran to during a storm, even those, are not sufficient," Dr Allen said.

Taunono community, which was completely destroyed when Super Cyclone Pam struck.
The community of Taunono was completely destroyed when Cyclone Pam struck. Photo: SUPPLIED / Unicef
A young boy kicking a ball as his father searches through the ruins of their family home in Vanuatu's capital Port Villa after Cyclone Pam ripped through the island nation.
A young boy kicks a ball as his father searches through the ruins of their family home in Port Vila after Cyclone Pam. Photo: DAVE HUNT / POOL / AFP

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